2017/04/25Posted by Mr Bismark Kwofie

Stakeholders in Ghana have intensified the fight against ‘galamsey’ in recent times, but in order to do so effectively, we have to identity the exact cancer we are fighting. This dwells on the misconception that small scale mining and ‘galamsey’ are the same. Registered mining operations are those that have been licensed by the State to mine in designated areas (not exceeding 25acres) for 3-5years (Appiah 1998, The good in evil; a discourse analysis of the ‘galamsey’ industry in Ghana). Therefore, any mining operation that is not registered is regarded as illegal mining, since most of such activities are on small scale basis hence, illegal small scale mining. ‘Galamsey’, originated from the phrase “Gather and sell” during the colonial era. ‘Galamsey’ was first banned by the British government in Ghana (Gold Coast), in order for the British government to gain monopoly in the mining industry during colonial times and has been regarded as an illegal activity since then. The difference between illegal small scale mining and Galamsey has to do with the instruments and equipment used in their operations. Galamsey involve the use of basic tools, shovels, pickaxes and spade to dig the grounds for precious minerals. However, illegal small scale mining involves the use of sophisticated tools like excavators and explosives. Since galamsey involves basic tools, it takes a longer time to cause unrepairable damage to the environment, hence, a low degradation rate. Galamsey operation is the surest way to have minimum pollution in order for the environment to have enough time for regeneration. This is because, the assimilative capacity of land and water resources allows a resource to absorb waste without change in the quality and aesthetic value and the ability to regenerate itself. Therefore, if the rate of pollution does not exceed the regeneration rate, then environmental degradation will be minimized. It is therefore expedient for galamsey to be


2017/04/04Posted by Mr Bismark Kwofie

Anwie community in the Western Region, one of the communities that Dr. Kwame Nkrumah hails from is threatening to bare their teeth to the mining stakeholders including Adamus Resource Ltd, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Minerals Commission due to the fact that they are forced by prevailing circumstances between them and Adamus Resources Ltd to believe that they have connived with EPA to deprive the community of their rights.Narrating the ordeal of the people of Anwie to ILAPI, Ebusuapanyin John Ackah Wiah, one of the six Principal Elders and Ebusuapnyins of the community indicated that in 1992, certain expatriates from Australia came to the then chief, Nana Simapohene Odifo IV that they had identified gold on his land, and that they are interested in mining the mineral, and in return to their consent they will transform Anwie to the status of Australia.They then came for prospecting thereafter from 1992, later a company by name Samafo Mining Company coming to prospect for about 5years, to be later resold to another company by name Amoani Mining, who also did prospecting until 2006/7 which the community later got to know that they are Adamus Resource Ltd at one moment.The company came to educate the community on mining issues since according to them; the community was ignorant about mining issues, of which the community refused to accept the company’s mining activities due to the negative menace it brings to communities involved.After series of bloody confrontations which the Police shot at and severally brutalized and manhandled the youth of the Community, Adamus forcefully had their way despite Ex-President John Agyekum Kufuor instructing them to agree to terms with the Community in terms of resettlement and compensation before the company is given license to mine.Speaking further on the matter, the Ebusuapanyin (Head of a clan) added that Adamus Company then agreed to resettle the community and compensate them, and even went further to take so

Economic Freedom and Prosperity in the 21st Century

2017/03/09Posted by Mr Bismark Kwofie

According to a recent World Bank report, less than 10% of the world’s population is living in extreme poverty (defined as living on less than $1.90 per day). While we can debate the accuracy of this figure, there is little sense in denying that global poverty is at an all time low and still trending downward. This precipitous drop in extreme poverty in the world was caused by the spread of economic freedom. Where the 20th century was largely filled with the rise of communism around the world, the 21st century has, so far, been filled with the spread of markets, ideas, and, more generally, freedom. As such, millions of people have been lifted out of poverty. This is a tremendous success, but we are “not out of the woods yet.” There exist two “zombie ideas” that we must constantly guard against: the idea of central planning and, relatedly, the tyranny of experts. These ideas are not new and their merits have been debunked at both a philosophical and economic level time and again. Despite this, these arguments seem to reappear with each new generation, requiring new defenders of the free market and liberalism to once again answer the call. I want to argue in this paper that, despite these zombie ideas, the voice of reason and freedom that is the libertarian movement has the potential to be louder and stronger than ever before. With the recent explosive growth of centers dedicated to the defense of free markets both inside and outside universities around the world and the proliferation of online materials, the current generation has the opportunity to be perhaps the greatest defenders of liberty to date. Bastiat tells us, “the worst thing that can happen to a good cause is, not to be skillfully attacked, but to be ineptly defended,” and it is here that there remain threats to the movement. Most importantly, as Friedman (1997) points out, there is a bifurcation of the defenses of liberty. On the one hand, we have several people defending li


2017/03/06Posted by Mr Bismark Kwofie

The solution of the NPP's government to a seeming declining agricultural sector in the #Budget2017 is to modernize the sector and to improve productivity. Measures outlined, inter alia include: Provision of improved seeds; supply of fertilizers; provision of dedicated extension services; marketing and E-agriculture; and monitoring. Concerns: The measures indicated how much fertilizer will be supplied to achieve this objective, 180,000 metric tonnes for the year. It also indicated it will import improved seeds to augment the program. However, 1. One question here is why import improved seeds to augment? Improved and certified seeds could be obtained from MoFA, our universities and other research institutions like the CSIR. 2. No specifics were provided as to how much of these seeds will be supplied? How many Agricultural Extension Agents (AEAs) will be trained, recruited or deployed to various stations across the country for this program? 3. How are the goods in question going to be marketed, by which means, is it that government itself will deploy buyers at farm gate to buy these goods? Are the produce going to be sold processed or in raw form? 4. Any plans in place to arrest postharvest losses, which is one major challenge for farmers, especially those producing cereals? What of packaging? 5. In terms of monitoring, how is it going to be done/achieved? How is progress going to be measured and evaluated? 6. Most importantly, the budget did not indicate how much it will cost to achieve each of these objectives. No detail information and specifics were shared on this. 7. The budget also did not provide specific timelines to achieve each of these objectives. Main Focus: The Planting for Food and Jobs Program. This is to encourage all citizens (both urban and rural) to take up farming as a full or part-time activity. It is intended to structure it along the lines of the erstwhile “Operation Feed Yourself”(OFY) programme in the 1970s under Acheampong's re

Ending Poverty Now! The Case Of The Current Water Situation In Prestea, Western Region

2017/02/28Posted by Mr Bismark Kwofie

Water they say is life! Water is in fact everything. In fact, at the very core of achieving all the 17 sustainable development global goals revolve around access to clean water by all and sundry. Example, access to clean and regular water will prevent the hustles kids, especially the girl child, spend in scouting for water over long distances. In many African countries, lack of water keeps the child away from school as they use this productive time to go search water especially in periods of water scarcity. Access to regular water will then keep the child at school (achieving goal number 4 - Quality education). Access to water will also help avoid domestic conflicts husbands usually have with their wives over water shortage (e.g. the wife could not cook for the husband because there was no water at home) (achieving goal number 5 - Gender equality). Clean water will ensure continuous procreation, survival and maintenance of biodiversity of aquatic species (achieving goal number 14 - Life below water). Access to clean and regular water will ensure that farmers get water to irrigate their farmlands to ensure all year round production. This then improves the income levels and livelihood of farmers and their family (achieving goal number 1 - No poverty). It will also ensure food security for all and sundry (achieving goal number 2 - No hunger). Clean regular water will help prevent many tropical diseases such as malaria, diarrhoea, river blindness, guinea worm disease, bilharzia, etc. and to prevent child and maternal mortality (achieving goal number 3 - good health and wellbeing and goal number 6 - clean water and sanitation). Access to water will ensure productive life and procreation of mankind and other living organisms such as flora and fauna (achieving goal number 15 - Life on land) and the lists go on and on. The situation of ending poverty in 2030 in one popular mining community in Ghana, Prestea, in the western region, might be a difficult one to ac